Diode-pumping yields better beam quality and fewer thermal effects than lamp- pumping. Moreover, diodes have much longer lifetimes than flash-lamps. A full range of harmonic or infrared nanosecond lasers is available from the diode-pumped compact series.
-Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)
-Matrix assisted laser desorption ionisation (MALDI)
-Laser induced fluorescence (LIF)